National College Progression Rates for high schools participating in the National Student Clearinghouse StudentTracker® service

Our second annual report provides high school-to-college transition rates for graduates of public non-charter, public charter, and private high schools. For students of public non-charter high schools the rates are reported in 12 categories based on the school-level demographic and geographic characteristics.



Introduction

The second annual High School Benchmarks Report provides new data on the high school-to-college transition of students. Such timely and comprehensive data are important for educators and policymakers interested in outcomes of secondary education and access to postsecondary education, particularly for students from low income and minority populations traditionally not well served by higher education.

Research projects demographic shifts among high school graduates in the next few years (Prescott & Bransberger, 2012). Further information on how schools in various geographical areas, and with higher percentages of low income and minority students, perform in terms of their students’ college access and persistence, compared to schools with a lower percentage of low income and minority students, is needed to better understand postsecondary outcomes of graduates from various types of high schools.

Previous research has shown that high school context may lead students to make different educational choices when it comes to the decision to enroll in college or what college to attend (Wolniak & Engberg, 2010; Hurwitz, Smith, Howell, & Pender, 2012; McDonough, 1997; Roderick, Coca & Nagaoka, 2011). Research has also shown that high schools are not only an important source of information for students making postsecondary education plans (Bell, Rowan-Kenyon, & Perna, 2009; Hossler, Schmidt, & Vesper, 1999), but also have lasting effects on students, with some high school context variables continuing to be important for students’ success, even after enrolling in college (Black, Lincoln, Cullinove, & Vernon, 2012). School-based resources are especially important for students from families in which no adults have attended college. Notwithstanding the effects of individual-level factors on postsecondary education decisions, research has found that what high schools do to help their students navigate the college-going process has significant implications on their students’ postsecondary outcomes (Hill, 2008, McDonough, 1997).

Some data on the college-going rates of high school students at the national level are available (Aud et al., 2013). Many schools and districts also have access to timely reports on the college access and persistence rates of their own graduates through the StudentTracker® service of the National Student Clearinghouse. This report is designed to enable those schools to benchmark their students’ outcomes to those of other schools with similar characteristics and that also use the StudentTracker service. Using the results reported here, high schools and districts can place their own StudentTracker results into context with the college access and persistence rates for schools with similar student populations in similar locales across the country.

This is a descriptive study. No causal inferences should be made based on these results alone. The data on which this report is based do not comprise a nationally representative sample of schools or high school graduates. Yet, it is a large and broad sample, covering over 3.5 million students from public and private high schools over four years, or more than a quarter of all U.S. high school graduates each year. It includes data from all 50 states. In addition to providing reasonable benchmarks for individual schools and districts using StudentTracker reports, we believe it also makes a significant contribution to discussions about equitable access to, and persistence in, postsecondary education amongst practitioners and policymakers at the school, district, state, and national levels.

What To Find In This Report

This report provides high school-to-college transition rates for public non-charter; public charter; and private high school graduates. For students of public non-charter high schools the rates are reported in 12 categories based on the school-level demographic and geographic characteristics:

  • Low income, high minority, urban
  • Low income, low minority, urban
  • Low income, high minority, suburban
  • Low income, low minority, suburban
  • Low income, high minority, rural
  • Low income, low minority, rural
  • Higher income, high minority, urban
  • Higher income, low minority, urban
  • Higher income, high minority, suburban
  • Higher income, low minority, suburban
  • Higher income, high minority, rural
  • Higher income, low minority, rural

These categories are defined by the aggregate characteristics of each high school, not by the characteristics of individual students.

For the first time, this report also provides high school-to-college transition rates for graduates from public charter and private high schools. It is important to note, however, that the sample sizes for charter and private high schools are relatively smaller than those for public non-charter schools. The results for charter and private schools are therefore subject to higher variance and uncertainty than the results for public non-charter schools. For this reason, we do not recommend comparing these categories, or using these results to draw conclusions about the differences between the school types.

For the purpose of this report, low income schools are defined as schools where at least 50 percent of the students are eligible for a free or reduced-price lunch. Minority schools are defined as schools where at least 40 percent of the students are black or Hispanic. Locale is defined by the NCES urban-centric locale code. Schools with a code from 11 to 13 are defined as urban. Schools with a code from 21 to 23 are defined as suburban. And those with a code from 31 to 43, covering both town and rural areas, are defined as rural.

This report presents postsecondary outcomes for high school graduating classes from 2010 through 2013. The tables and figures present:

  • Total college-going rate for each of the 12 categories of public non-charter high schools as well as for public charter and private high schools, including:
    • Enrollment in the first fall after high school graduation
    • Enrollment in the first year after high school graduation
    • Enrollment in the first two years after high school graduation
  • Persistence from first to second year of college

For each enrollment outcome, the results are calculated for the most recent two graduating classes for which data are currently available. Thus, the first fall outcome has been calculated for the classes of 2013 and 2012, the first year outcome for the classes of 2012 and 2011, and the first two years’ outcome for the classes of 2011 and 2010. For the persistence outcome, the results are calculated for the class of 2011. Results are also broken down by the type of college attended: public and private institutions, two- and four-year institutions, as well as in-state and out-of-state institutions.

A complete explanation of definitions can be found in Appendix A.

Important Note On The Data

The data on high school graduates for this report were drawn from a voluntary sample of high schools participating in the StudentTracker for High SchoolsSM service (STHS) administered by the National Student Clearinghouse (The Clearinghouse). High schools participating in this service pay a small annual fee (typically $425) to receive an extensive set of analytic data reports, three times per year, detailing the postsecondary access and success outcomes for up to eight cohorts of their graduating classes.

This is not a nationally representative sample of schools or of high school graduates. Compared to all U.S. high schools, participating STHS schools tend to have greater representation among schools with more low income students, more minority enrollments, and more urban locales.

All types of high schools, including public non-charter, public charter, and private schools, can participate in the Clearinghouse STHS service. The sample includes schools from all 50 states and from the majority of the 100 largest districts in the U.S., with a total of more than 3.5 million high school graduates or more than one quarter of all high school graduates each year (for more detailed information about the sample, see Appendix A).

The data on college enrollments for this report, and for the STHS reports that the participating high schools receive, were drawn from the National Student Clearinghouse. The National Student Clearinghouse is the nation’s trusted source for education verification and student educational outcomes research.


Section 1: National Results

College Enrollment and Persistence Rates for Graduates from Public Non-Charter High Schools

High schools are interested in finding out what percent of their graduates go to college. This percentage changes depending on the timing. Most high school graduates who are headed to college will enroll immediately, but there are also significant numbers who wait a year or longer. Figure A shows the rates of immediate college enrollment in the first fall after high school graduation for the high school graduating class of 2013. These are students who transition immediately to college with no gap after high school.

Students from higher income, low minority, suburban schools had the highest college enrollment rate. Seventy three percent of students who graduated from these high schools in 2013 enrolled in college immediately after high school graduation. In general, among the three school characteristics considered, the poverty level, measured by the proportion of students eligible for free or reduced price lunch, was the most consistent correlate to college enrollment rates. Students from high schools with a larger number of low income students (more than 50% eligible for free or reduced price lunch) had lower college enrollment rates than schools with mostly higher income students, regardless of the minority or geographic category that the school fell into. The highest immediate college-going rate across all six low income groups (58 percent) was still lower by three percentage points from the lowest college-going rate (61 percent) among students from higher income groups.

Figure A. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation, Class of 2013, Public Non-Charter Schools

Figure A. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation, Public Non-Charter Schools, Class of 2013

*This figure is based on data shown in Appendix C, Table 1.

Figure B shows the rates of immediate college enrollment in the first fall after high school graduation for the students graduating from high minority schools in 2013. The most obvious pattern again is the higher college enrollment rates among students from higher income schools. It is striking that — once income is controlled for — there was no difference between urban, suburban, and rural high minority schools. Just over half of graduates from low income schools enrolled in the first fall, regardless of locale. Among higher income schools, the rates were similarly uniform for each of the three locales, between 61 and 63 percent.

Figure B. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation, Class of 2013, Public Non-Charter, High Minority Schools

Figure B. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation, Class of 2013, Public Non-Charter, High Minority Schools

*This figure is based on data shown in Appendix C, Table 1.

High schools are also interested in the type of college their graduates are attending, whether a public or private college, or whether a two-year or a four-year college. When we examined first fall enrollments in private colleges as a share of total college enrollments, the results showed that students from higher income, low minority, suburban schools had the highest share: one in five first fall enrollments for these students were in private colleges and universities (see Appendix C, Table 1).

There were larger differences among students from low income and higher income high schools, however, when looking at enrollment rates by the institution level. The range for the first fall enrollment rates at four-year colleges and universities was 26 to 31 percent for the graduates from low income high schools and 33 to 51 percent for the graduates from higher income high schools (see Appendix C, Table 1).

Results show that while the rates of enrollment at two-year colleges are not higher for students from low income schools than for those from higher income schools, two-year colleges made up a much larger share of the total first fall enrollments for students graduating from low income high schools (regardless of the minority or geographic category that the school fell into) and from higher income, high minority high schools. Figure C shows enrollment at two-year institutions as a proportion of the total college-going rate. Less than one-third of all college enrollments of graduates of higher income, low minority schools, regardless of locale, occurred at two-year institutions. This percentage was much higher for students from low income schools. It was also similarly high for students from higher income, high minority schools.

Figure C. Enrollment in Two-Year Institutions as Proportion of Total College-Going Rate, First Fall after High School Graduation, Class of 2013, Public Non-Charter Schools

Figure C. Enrollment in Two-Year Institutions as Proportion of Total College-Going Rate, First Fall after High School Graduation, Public Non-Charter Schools, Class of 2013

*This figure is based on data shown in Appendix C, Table 1.

Enrollments at out-of-state institutions as a proportion of all enrollments were higher for students from higher income high schools. Eleven to 23 percent of the college-going graduates from higher income schools enrolled at out-of-state institutions, compared to just nine to 13 percent of those from low income high schools (see Appendix C, Table 1).

Some students do not make it to college in the fall immediately after high school, but enroll in the following winter, spring, or even summer terms. Across all groups, enrollment rates increased markedly when we counted all enrollments in the first year after graduation, compared to the first fall enrollments (see Figure D below and Appendix C, Tables 2 and 3). These increases were similar among graduates from low income and higher income schools. The increases were driven mostly by students attending two-year institutions, which is not surprising as two-year institutions allow more flexibility in start times.

Figure D. Changes in Enrollment Rates from the First Fall to the First Year after High School Graduation, Class of 2012, Public Non-Charter, Urban Schools

Figure D. Changes in Enrollment Rates from the First Fall to the First Year after High School Graduation for Class of 2012, Public Non-Charter, Urban Schools

*This figure is based on data shown in Appendix C, Tables 2 and 3.

Similar to increases from the first fall to the first year, including college enrollments in the second year after high school graduation increased total college enrollment rates by an additional four to six percentage points, compared to the first year enrollments alone (see Appendix C, Tables 4 and 5). The pattern remained consistent in the sense that the majority of additional enrollments in the second year after high school graduation were in two-year institutions. These results show that while the incremental college-going rate dramatically decreases one year after high school graduation, students continue enrolling in colleges and universities beyond the first year. Even among low income schools, where the immediate college enrollment rate was only around 50 percent, at least two-thirds of graduates (65 percent) enrolled in college within two years after graduation.

To examine how well a high school equips students to succeed in college we looked at the rates of persistence from the first to the second year of college, for the high school graduating class of 2011 (Figure E). This is the percentage of students enrolled in the first year after high school graduation who remained enrolled in postsecondary education in the second year. It includes students who may have transferred or re-enrolled at a different institution from where they started. While in general, persistence rates for graduates of all high schools were high (75 percent to 89 percent), some differences existed across groups. Students from higher income high schools had higher persistence rates than those from low income high schools. Regardless of high school type, persistence rates among students who enrolled in private colleges and universities were higher than those in public institutions. Persistence rates for all students were also higher in four-year institutions than in two-year institutions (see Appendix C, Table 7).

Figure E. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011

Figure E. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011

*This figure is based on data shown in Appendix C, Table 7.

College Enrollment and Persistence Rates for Graduates from Public Charter High Schools

Among public charter schools that used STHS services (13 percent of all charter schools, enrolling 16 percent of charter school students), 60 percent of 2013 graduates enrolled in college in the fall term immediately after high school graduation. One-third of them had their first enrollment in a two-year institution and one in five enrolled in a private college or university. The first year college-going rate increased six percentage points when enrollments beyond the first fall were considered. Another six percent of students graduating from public charter high schools in 2013 enrolled in colleges and universities in the second year after high school graduation. College persistence from the first to the second year for students from public charter high schools was 82 percent.

Data coverage rates for public charter schools are low and we do not divide them into categories. These results may not be representative of all charter schools. They are intended only to provide reference points for schools that use the StudentTracker service, so they can compare their results to those of other schools that use StudentTracker.

We do not recommend comparing the overall public charter school results to those of public non-charter schools or private schools.

College Enrollment and Persistence Rates for Graduates from Private High Schools

Among private schools that used the STHS service (three percent of all private schools, enrolling 10 percent of private school students), 86 percent of 2013 graduates enrolled in college in the fall term immediately after high school graduation. Only 10 percent had their first enrollment in a two-year institution and nearly half (43 percent) enrolled in a private college or university. Smaller increases in the college-going rate were found from the first fall to the first year (two percentage point increase) and from the first to the second year (three percentage point increase). College persistence from the first to the second year for students from private high schools was 95 percent.

Data coverage rates for private high schools are significantly lower than those for public non-charter and public charter schools. These results may not be representative of all private schools. They are intended only to provide reference points for those schools that use the StudentTracker service so they can compare their results to those of other schools that use StudentTracker.

We do not recommend comparing the overall private school results to those of public non-charter schools or charter schools.

Percentile Distributions for Enhanced Goal-Setting

This year’s report introduces, for the first time, an additional resource in the form of percentile distributions of school-level outcomes in each category. The percentile distributions show that, even among the lowest-performing categories of schools, there is often a wide range of outcomes, with some schools performing markedly above or below the average. The percentiles offer additional guidance to schools in setting goals and in contextualizing their results. The fact that there are schools in every category with college-going rates much higher than the average for the group should not detract from the overall results showing that college-going rates for students from low-income schools are lower on average than those from higher income schools.

The next section shows each of the college outcomes separately for each category of public non-charter high schools, as well as for charter and private schools. Outcomes are reported in two different ways: school percentile distributions and student-weighted totals (see details in Section 2).


Section 2: Results by High School Type

Guidance on How to Interpret the Outcomes in this Section

This section provides outcomes in two different ways: school percentile distributions and student-weighted totals.

Tables with student-weighted totals are designed to enable individual schools and districts to compare their own StudentTracker results directly to the national benchmarks. The totals are calculated by computing the mean among all schools in the category, weighted by the size of each school’s graduating class. By placing their own results into the context of these aggregate totals, practitioners can better understand the meaning of their students’ college access and persistence outcomes.

Tables with school percentile distributions are designed to enable individual schools and districts to identify the approximate percentile rank of their students’ college-going rate. These distributions are calculated by ranking schools on the outcome without consideration of school size or number of graduates. Thus, if a school’s college-going rate is the same as the rate at the 75th percentile, the school is said to have a college-going rate that is equal to or higher than that of 75 percent of all StudentTracker schools in that category.

Results for Public Non-Charter High Schools

Outcomes for Low Income, High Minority, Urban High Schools

Table 1a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2012 666 40% 50% 61%
2013 521 38% 49% 60%

Table 1b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2012 131,395 52% 44% 8% 22% 30% 45% 7%
2013 99,679 51% 43% 8% 22% 29% 44% 6%

Figure 1b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 1b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 2a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 774 48% 59% 70%
2012 666 46% 58% 68%

Table 2b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 159,362 60% 51% 8% 29% 31% 53% 7%
2012 131,395 58% 49% 9% 26% 32% 51% 7%

Figure 2b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 2b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 3a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2010 572 54% 64% 74%
2011 774 54% 65% 75%

Table 3b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2010 132,196 65% 56% 9% 34% 30% 58% 7%
2011 159,362 65% 56% 9% 33% 32% 58% 8%

Figure 3b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 3b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Class 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 4a. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 774 67% 76% 83%

Table 4b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Students enrolled in first year Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 94,848 78% 77% 82% 69% 86% 77% 82%

Figure 4b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 4b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Outcomes for Low Income, Low Minority, Urban High Schools

Table 5a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2012 89 44% 52% 62%
2013 68 45% 53% 63%

Table 5b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2012 23,383 57% 48% 8% 26% 30% 51% 6%
2013 20,254 58% 49% 8% 27% 31% 52% 5%

Figure 5b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 5b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 6a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 87 49% 59% 68%
2012 89 50% 58% 69%

Table 6b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 24,828 62% 53% 9% 29% 32% 55% 6%
2012 23,383 62% 53% 9% 31% 32% 56% 6%

Figure 6b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 6b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 7a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2010 77 56% 67% 79%
2011 87 55% 63% 74%

Table 7b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2010 20,275 70% 59% 11% 35% 35% 62% 7%
2011 24,828 66% 57% 10% 33% 34% 59% 7%

Figure 7b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

igure 7b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Class 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 8a. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 87 72% 79% 84%

Table 8b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Students enrolled in first year Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 15,320 81% 80% 87% 72% 89% 81% 83%

Figure 8b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 8b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Outcomes for Low Income, High Minority, Suburban High Schools

Table 9a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2012 196 45% 52% 60%
2013 161 43% 50% 56%

Table 9b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2012 69,814 54% 47% 7% 19% 34% 48% 6%
2013 45,454 50% 44% 7% 24% 27% 44% 6%

Figure 9b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 9b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 10a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 229 55% 62% 69%
2012 196 53% 58% 67%

Table 10b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 86,182 63% 56% 7% 28% 35% 57% 6%
2012 69,814 60% 53% 7% 23% 37% 54% 7%

Figure 10b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 10b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 11a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2010 192 61% 68% 75%
2011 229 62% 68% 74%

Table 11b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2010 69,869 68% 60% 8% 32% 36% 62% 6%
2011 86,182 69% 61% 8% 32% 37% 62% 7%

Figure 11b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 11b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Class 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 12a. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 229 76% 82% 86%

Table 12b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Students enrolled in first year Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 54,331 82% 81% 85% 73% 89% 82% 84%

Figure 12b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 12b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Outcomes for Low Income, Low Minority, Suburban High Schools

Table 13a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2012 59 40% 49% 54%
2013 51 36% 47% 56%

Table 13b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2012 13,526 49% 42% 7% 22% 27% 43% 6%
2013 11,349 47% 40% 7% 21% 26% 41% 6%

Figure 13b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 13b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 14a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 56 48% 57% 63%
2012 59 46% 54% 60%

Table 14b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 11,582 60% 53% 7% 30% 29% 54% 6%
2012 13,526 54% 47% 8% 26% 28% 48% 6%

Figure 14b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 14b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 15a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2010 41 57% 60% 70%
2011 56 53% 61% 69%

Table 15b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2010 9,281 65% 55% 10% 34% 31% 58% 7%
2011 11,582 64% 57% 7% 34% 31% 58% 6%

Figure 15b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 15b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Class 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 16a. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 56 70% 75% 82%

Table 16b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Students enrolled in first year Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 6,894 79% 79% 83% 73% 86% 79% 79%

Figure 16b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 16b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Outcomes for Low Income, High Minority, Rural High Schools

Table 17a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2012 82 47% 54% 60%
2013 68 47% 52% 62%

Table 17b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2012 18,822 53% 47% 6% 24% 29% 47% 6%
2013 15,563 52% 46% 6% 25% 27% 47% 5%

Figure 17b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 17b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 18a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 88 53% 60% 66%
2012 82 53% 59% 65%

Table 18b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 22,837 60% 54% 6% 32% 27% 54% 5%
2012 18,822 59% 52% 7% 29% 30% 53% 6%

Figure 18b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 18b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 19a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2010 72 59% 66% 72%
2011 88 59% 66% 72%

Table 19b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2010 19,506 66% 60% 6% 38% 28% 61% 6%
2011 22,837 66% 59% 7% 37% 29% 59% 6%

Figure 19b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 19b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Class 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 20a. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 88 75% 79% 84%

Table 20b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Students enrolled in first year Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 13,610 81% 81% 82% 74% 89% 81% 82%

Figure 20b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 20b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Outcomes for Low Income, Low Minority, Rural High Schools

Table 21a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2012 369 31% 44% 55%
2013 314 31% 44% 54%

Table 21b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2012 26,874 48% 40% 8% 18% 31% 43% 5%
2013 23,757 47% 40% 8% 17% 30% 42% 5%

Figure 21b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 21b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 22a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 339 33% 50% 60%
2012 369 33% 49% 60%

Table 22b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 24,629 55% 46% 9% 22% 33% 48% 7%
2012 26,874 52% 44% 8% 20% 32% 46% 6%

Figure 22b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 22b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 23a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2010 122 53% 61% 69%
2011 339 40% 55% 64%

Table 23b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2010 14,517 62% 52% 10% 29% 33% 55% 7%
2011 24,629 59% 50% 10% 25% 35% 52% 8%

Figure 23b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 23b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Class 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 24a. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 339 65% 74% 82%

Table 24b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Students enrolled in first year Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 13,444 75% 74% 82% 64% 83% 75% 79%

Figure 24b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 24b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Outcomes for Higher Income, High Minority, Urban High Schools

Table 25a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2012 234 53% 63% 71%
2013 174 50% 60% 69%

Table 25b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2012 75,025 62% 54% 8% 27% 35% 54% 8%
2013 59,733 61% 53% 8% 28% 33% 53% 8%

Figure 25b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 25b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 26a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 213 56% 69% 77%
2012 234 59% 69% 76%

Table 26b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 61,256 68% 57% 10% 27% 41% 58% 10%
2012 75,025 68% 59% 9% 32% 36% 59% 9%

Figure 26b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 26b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 27a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2010 218 67% 75% 83%
2011 213 63% 75% 82%

Table 27b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2010 56,313 75% 63% 12% 28% 47% 64% 11%
2011 61,256 73% 62% 11% 30% 43% 62% 11%

Figure 27b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 27b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Class 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 28a. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 213 75% 83% 88%

Table 28b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Students enrolled in first year Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 41,514 83% 82% 90% 72% 91% 82% 91%

Figure 28b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 28b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Outcomes for Higher Income, Low Minority, Urban High Schools

Table 29a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2012 312 63% 71% 80%
2013 242 60% 69% 78%

Table 29b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2012 117,076 72% 59% 13% 23% 49% 57% 15%
2013 90,545 70% 58% 12% 22% 48% 55% 14%

Figure 29b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 29b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 30a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 342 65% 74% 83%
2012 312 67% 75% 83%

Table 30b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 125,243 74% 61% 13% 24% 50% 60% 15%
2012 117,076 76% 62% 13% 25% 50% 61% 15%

Figure 30b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 30b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 31a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2010 318 71% 78% 86%
2011 342 71% 79% 87%

Table 31b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2010 117,409 78% 64% 14% 28% 50% 63% 15%
2011 125,243 79% 65% 14% 27% 52% 63% 16%

Figure 31b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 31b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Class 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 32a. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 342 83% 88% 92%

Table 32b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Students enrolled in first year Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 93,203 89% 88% 94% 78% 94% 87% 93%

Figure 32b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 32b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Outcomes for Higher Income, High Minority, Suburban High Schools

Table 33a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2012 163 55% 63% 70%
2013 131 54% 62% 69%

Table 33b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2012 66,487 63% 55% 9% 28% 35% 54% 10%
2013 53,085 63% 54% 9% 29% 34% 53% 10%

Figure 33b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 33b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 34a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 133 64% 71% 75%
2012 163 62% 69% 75%

Table 34b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 53,613 70% 58% 11% 30% 40% 57% 13%
2012 66,487 69% 60% 9% 33% 36% 59% 10%

Figure 34b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 34b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 35a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2010 119 69% 75% 81%
2011 133 69% 75% 80%

Table 35b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2010 51,956 75% 64% 11% 33% 42% 64% 12%
2011 53,613 74% 63% 12% 34% 41% 61% 14%

Figure 35b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 35b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Class 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 36a. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 133 82% 87% 90%

Table 36b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Students enrolled in first year Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 37,267 86% 85% 92% 77% 94% 85% 91%

Figure 36b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 36b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Outcomes for Higher Income, Low Minority, Suburban High Schools

Table 37a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2012 510 65% 74% 82%
2013 435 65% 74% 81%

Table 37b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2012 194,693 73% 58% 15% 21% 52% 55% 18%
2013 165,182 73% 58% 15% 21% 51% 56% 17%

Figure 37b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 37b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 38a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 586 69% 77% 84%
2012 510 70% 78% 84%

Table 38b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 220,646 76% 60% 16% 23% 53% 58% 18%
2012 194,693 77% 61% 16% 23% 54% 58% 19%

Figure 38b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 38b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 39a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2010 557 75% 82% 88%
2011 586 74% 81% 88%

Table 39b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2010 212,659 81% 63% 17% 27% 54% 63% 17%
2011 220,646 80% 64% 16% 26% 55% 62% 19%

Figure 39b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 39b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Class 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 40a. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 586 84% 89% 93%

Table 40b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Students enrolled in first year Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 167,724 89% 88% 94% 78% 94% 87% 95%

Figure 40b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 40b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Outcomes for Higher Income, High Minority, Rural High Schools

Table 41a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2012 59 52% 60% 71%
2013 48 51% 61% 71%

Table 41b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2012 19,014 60% 53% 7% 27% 33% 53% 7%
2013 13,821 62% 55% 6% 30% 31% 55% 7%

Figure 41b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 41b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 42a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 55 58% 66% 73%
2012 59 60% 67% 75%

Table 42b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 18,113 68% 60% 8% 30% 37% 59% 8%
2012 19,014 66% 59% 7% 32% 34% 59% 8%

Figure 42b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 42b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 43a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2010 39 65% 72% 79%
2011 55 65% 72% 78%

Table 43b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2010 12,037 73% 63% 10% 34% 38% 64% 9%
2011 18,113 73% 64% 9% 34% 39% 64% 9%

Figure 43b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 43b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Class 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 44a. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 55 81% 85% 88%

Table 44b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Students enrolled in first year Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 12,270 85% 84% 89% 75% 92% 84% 89%

Figure 44b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 44b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Outcomes for Higher Income, Low Minority, Rural High Schools

Table 45a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2012 759 53% 63% 72%
2013 540 52% 62% 71%

Table 45b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2012 129,815 65% 54% 12% 21% 45% 53% 12%
2013 104,523 65% 53% 12% 20% 45% 53% 12%

Figure 45b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 45b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 46a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 757 57% 67% 75%
2012 759 58% 67% 76%

Table 46b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 145,159 69% 57% 12% 23% 46% 56% 12%
2012 129,815 69% 57% 12% 23% 46% 56% 13%

Figure 46b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 46b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 47a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2010 611 66% 73% 81%
2011 757 62% 71% 79%

Table 47b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2010 122,274 75% 61% 14% 29% 46% 62% 13%
2011 145,159 73% 61% 12% 26% 47% 60% 13%

Figure 47b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 47b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Class 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 48a. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 757 79% 84% 88%

Table 48b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Students enrolled in first year Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 99,671 85% 84% 91% 73% 91% 84% 91%

Figure 48b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 48b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Results for Public Charter High Schools

Outcomes for All Charter Schools

Table 1a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2012 324 41% 60% 76%
2013 222 38% 62% 79%

Table 1b.College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2012 26,343 55% 43% 11% 19% 36% 45% 10%
2013 16,290 60% 49% 12% 20% 40% 49% 11%

Figure 1b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 1b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 2a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 303 50% 67% 84%
2012 324 50% 67% 81%

Table 2b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 23,386 63% 52% 12% 24% 40% 53% 11%
2012 26,343 61% 49% 12% 23% 38% 50% 11%

Figure 2b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 2b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 3a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2010 149 60% 76% 84%
2011 303 56% 75% 87%

Table 3b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2010 12,645 72% 58% 14% 27% 45% 59% 13%
2011 23,386 69% 56% 13% 28% 41% 57% 12%

Figure 3b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 3b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Class 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 4a. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 303 72% 81% 89%

Table 4b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Students enrolled in first year Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 14,773 82% 81% 85% 72% 88% 81% 87%

Figure 4b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 4b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Results for Private High Schools

Outcomes for All Private Schools

Table 1a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2012 293 74% 85% 91%
2013 197 78% 87% 91%

Table 1b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2012 37,005 85% 47% 37% 9% 75% 50% 35%
2013 25,051 86% 49% 37% 9% 77% 52% 34%

Figure 1b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 1b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Classes 2012 and 2013, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 2a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 326 80% 88% 92%
2012 293 78% 87% 93%

Table 2b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 42,268 87% 48% 38% 9% 77% 50% 37%
2012 37,005 87% 49% 38% 9% 77% 51% 36%

Figure 2b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 2b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Year after High School Graduation for Classes 2011 and 2012, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 3a. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 326 86% 91% 95%

Table 3b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

N of students Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 42,268 90% 50% 40% 10% 80% 51% 39%

Figure 3b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Classes 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 3b. College Enrollment Rates in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Class 2010 and 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Table 4a. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, School Percentile Distribution

N of schools 25th percentile 50th percentile 75th percentile
2011 326 92% 95% 97%

Table 4b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Students enrolled in first year Total Public Private Two-year Four-year In-state Out-of-state
2011 36,638 95% 93% 97% 82% 96% 94% 96%

Figure 4b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals

Figure 4b. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011, Student-Weighted Totals


References

Aud, S., Wilkinson-Flicker, S., Kristapovich, P., Rathbun, A., Wang, X., & Zhang, J. (2013). The Condition of Education 2013 (NCES 2013-037). U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC. Retrieved from http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch.

Bell, A. D., Rowan-Kenyon, H.T., & Perna, L.W. (2009). College knowledge of 9th and 11th grade students: Variation by school and state context. The Journal of Higher Education 80(6), 663-685.

Black, S.E., Lincove J.A., Cullinane, J., & Veron R. (2014). Can you leave high school behind? Retrieved from National Bureau of Economic Research website http://www.nber.org/papers/w19842

Hill, L. D. (2008). School strategies and the “college‐linking” process: Reconsidering the effects of high schools on college enrollment. Sociology of Education 81(1), 53-76.

Hossler, D, Schmit, J. & Vesper, N. (1999). Going to college: How social, economic, and educational factors influence the decisions students make. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Hurwitz, M., Smith, J.I., Howell, J., & Pender, M. (2012). The role of high schools in students’ postsecondary choices. (Advocacy & Policy Center Research Brief). New York, NY: The College Board.

McDonough, P M. (1997). Choosing colleges: How social class and schools structure opportunity. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Prescott, B. T., & Bransberger, P. (2012). Knocking at the college door: Projections of high school graduates (8th ed.). Boulder, CO: Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education.

Roderick, M., Coca, V., & Nagaoka, J. (2011). Potholes on the road to college: High school effects in shaping urban students’ participation in college application, four-year college enrollment, and college match. Sociology of Education 84(3), 178-211.

Wolniak, G. C., & Engberg, M. E. (2010). Academic achievement in the first year of college: Evidence of pervasive effects of high school context. Research in Higher Education, 51, 451-467.


Appendix A: Methodological Notes

This report contains college enrollment and persistence outcomes for high school graduating classes 2010 through 2013. The results presented in the report center on the following outcomes:

  1. College enrollment in the
    1. first fall after high school graduation;
    2. first year after high school graduation; and
    3. first two years after high school graduation.
  2. Persistence from the first to the second year of college.

The outcomes are presented by type of college attended, including public and private institutions, two-year and four-year institutions, and in-state and out-of-state institutions. These characteristics are defined by IPEDS Institutional Characteristics data as of 2011. In-state designations are defined relative to the state in which the high school is located, not the residency of individual students.

The high school dataset used for this report is based on a voluntary sample and is not a nationally representative sample of schools or of high school graduates. High school diploma data are submitted to the National Student Clearinghouse (the Clearinghouse) by schools and districts that participate in the StudentTracker for High Schools (STHS) service. High schools participating in this service pay a small fee (typically $425) to receive a packet of reports with postsecondary access and success outcomes for their graduating classes. In general, the participating schools tend to have greater representation among schools with lower income, higher minority enrollments and urban locales.

This report is based on the data submitted to the Clearinghouse on graduating classes 2010 through 2013. Table A1 below shows the number of participating high schools and high school graduates included in this report compared to the total number of U.S. high schools and high school graduates. All types of high schools, including public non-charter, public charter, and private schools, participate in the Clearinghouse STHS service.

Table A1. Number of Public Non-Charter High Schools and Public Non-Charter High School Graduates Included in the Report

Academic Year1 Number of Participating High Schools Percent of All U.S. Public High Schools2 Percent of U.S. Grade 12 Enrollment Represented3 Total N (Number of graduates in participating high schools)
2009-2010 2,936 17.6% 29.0% 838,292
2010-2011 3,659 22.0% 33.4% 953,450
2011-2012 3,498 21.0% 31.1% 885,924
2012-2013 2,753 16.5% 25.4% 702,945

1 Academic year is defined as the period between September 1-August 31.
2 The total number of schools used in the denominator of this calculation was obtained from NCES’ Elementary and Secondary Information System (ELSi). The public school information is available from the Common Core of Data only through 2011-12. The number of public non-charter schools for 2012-13 is an estimate, equal to the number from 2011-12.
3 The numbers used in both the denominator and numerator of this calculation were obtained from NCES’ Elementary and Secondary Information System (ELSi). Grade 12 enrollment information is available from the Common Core of Data through 2011-12. The numbers for 2012-13 are estimates, equal to the numbers from 2011-12.

Table A2. Number of Public Charter High Schools and Public Charter High School Graduates Included in the Report

Academic Year1 Number of Participating High Schools Percent of All U.S. Public High Schools2 Percent of U.S. Grade 12 Enrollment Represented3 Total N (Number of graduates in participating high schools)
2010-2011 303 19.9% 26.6% 23,386
2011-2012 324 19.3% 24.6% 26,343
2012-2013 222 13.2% 16.4% 16,290

1 Academic year is defined as the period between September 1-August 31.
2 The total number of schools used in the denominator of this calculation was obtained from NCES’ Elementary and Secondary Information System (ELSi). The public school information is available from the Common Core of Data only through 2011-12. The number of public non-charter schools for 2012-13 is an estimate, equal to the number from 2011-12
3 The numbers used in both the denominator and numerator of this calculation were obtained from NCES’ Elementary and Secondary Information System (ELSi). Grade 12 enrollment information is available from the Common Core of Data through 2011-12. The numbers for 2012-13 are estimates, equal to the numbers from 2011-12.

Table A3. Number of Private High Schools and Private High School Graduates Included in the Report

Academic Year1 Number of Participating High Schools Percent of All U.S. Private High Schools2 Percent of U.S. Grade 12 Enrollment Represented3 Total N (Number of graduates in participating high schools)
2010-2011 326 5.3% 15.8% 42,268
2011-2012 293 5.0% 14.9% 37,005
2012-2013 197 3.3% 10.4% 25,051

1 Academic year is defined as the period between September 1-August 31.
2 The total number of schools used in the denominator of this calculation was obtained from NCES’ Elementary and Secondary Information System (ELSi). The public school information is available from the Common Core of Data only through 2011-12. The number of public non-charter schools for 2012-13 is an estimate, equal to the number from 2011-12
3 The numbers used in both the denominator and numerator of this calculation were obtained from NCES’ Elementary and Secondary Information System (ELSi). Grade 12 enrollment information is available from the Common Core of Data through 2011-12. The numbers for 2012-13 are estimates, equal to the numbers from 2011-12.

Definitions of Public Non-Charter High School Categories

We used the Common Core of Data (CCD) to construct the sampling frame of schools. The CCD is the Department of Education’s primary database on public elementary and secondary education in the United States. From the CCD, we created a sample frame that contains all regular public schools with a 12th grade.

In order to enable public non-charter high schools to compare their own outcomes with those of similar high schools, the outcomes in this report are presented on the basis of school-level characteristics: low income and higher income, high minority and low minority, urban and rural. Membership in these categories for each academic year is based on CCD data for the corresponding year with one exception: for the academic year of 2012-2013, the categories are based on the information from the same source for 2011-2012.

Low income schools are defined as schools where at least 50 percent of the entire student population (not just graduating seniors) is eligible for free or reduced price lunch. Minority schools are defined as those schools where at least 40 percent of the students are black or Hispanic. Locale is defined by the NCES urban-centric locale code. Schools with a code from 11 to 13 are defined as urban. Schools with a code from 21 to 23 are defined as suburban. And those with a code 31 to 43, covering both town and rural areas, are defined as rural.

Combinations of these characteristics result in 12 groups of high schools. Thus, the outcomes are presented for the following categories of high schools:

  • Low income, high minority, urban
  • Low income, low minority, urban
  • Low income, high minority, suburban
  • Low income, low minority, suburban
  • Low income, high minority, rural
  • Low income, low minority, rural
  • Higher income, high minority, urban
  • Higher income, low minority, urban
  • Higher income, high minority, suburban
  • Higher income, low minority, suburban
  • Higher income, high minority, rural
  • Higher income, low minority, rural

Table A4. Number of Public Non-Charter High Schools and Public Non-Charter High School Graduates Included in the Report by High School Category

Group Academic Year Number of Participating High Schools Percent of U.S. Grade 12 Enrollment Represented Number of States Represented Total N (Number of graduates in sample)
Low Income High Minority Urban 2009-10 570 49.6% 32 132,196
2010-11 774 52.6% 36 159,362
2011-12 666 50.9% 34 131,395
2012-13 521 40.1% 32 99,679
Low Income High Minority Suburban 2009-10 192 41.9% 27 69,869
2010-11 229 45.3% 29 86,182
2011-12 196 43.8% 29 69,814
2012-13 161 37.2% 28 45,454
Low Income Low Minority Urban 2009-10 77 51.6% 22 20,275
2010-11 87 51.2% 25 24,828
2011-12 89 50.3% 24 23,383
2012-13 68 39.5% 21 20,254
Low Income Low Minority Suburban 2009-10 41 30.2% 17 9,281
2010-11 56 32.5% 20 11,582
2011-12 59 31.9% 16 13,526
2012-13 51 27.5% 13 11,349
Low Income High Minority Rural 2009-10 72 14.5% 18 19,506
2010-11 88 15.8% 21 22,837
2011-12 82 13.6% 23 18,822
2012-13 68 11.7% 21 15,563
Low Income Low Minority Rural 2009-10 122 9.0% 27 14,517
2010-11 339 14.0% 36 24,629
2011-12 369 14.3% 29 26,874
2012-13 314 12.6% 28 23,757
Higher Income High Minority Urban 2009-10 218 36.4% 20 56,313
2010-11 213 52.4% 23 61,256
2011-12 234 43.8% 24 75,025
2012-13 174 35.0% 19 59,733
Higher Income High Minority Suburban 2009-10 119 36.8% 19 51,956
2010-11 133 41.8% 23 53,613
2011-12 163 39.8% 21 66,487
2012-13 131 31.9% 19 53,085
Higher Income Low Minority Urban 2009-10 318 42.3% 40 117,409
2010-11 342 48.7% 41 125,243
2011-12 312 47.8% 42 117,076
2012-13 242 37.7% 39 90,545
Higher Income Low Minority Suburban 2009-10 557 30.4% 40 212,659
2010-11 586 32.9% 42 220,646
2011-12 510 30.1% 43 194,693
2012-13 435 25.7% 40 165,182
Higher Income High Minority Rural 2009-10 39 20.7% 14 12,037
2010-11 55 27.3% 18 18,113
2011-12 59 23.0% 17 19,014
2012-13 48 17.8% 14 13,821
Higher Income Low Minority Rural 2009-10 611 15.7% 46 122,274
2010-11 757 19.7% 46 145,159
2011-12 759 18.0% 47 129,815
2012-13 540 14.5% 44 104,523

The numbers used in both the denominator and numerator of this calculation were obtained from NCES’ Elementary and Secondary Information System (ELSi). The denominator is the number of grade 12 enrollments for all schools in a particular category of high schools. The numerator is the number of grade 12 enrollments for participating public high schools in the category. Grade 12 enrollment information is available from the Common Core of Data only through 2011-12. The numbers for 2012-13 are estimates, equal to the numbers from 2011-12.

Postsecondary Enrollments Data

College enrollment and persistence outcomes are determined by matching the graduate files received from high schools each year to the postsecondary enrollment data held by the National Student Clearinghouse. The National Student Clearinghouse is a unique and trusted source for higher education enrollment and degree verification. Currently, Clearinghouse data include more than 3,600 postsecondary institutions and 96 percent of U.S. postsecondary enrollments (for detailed coverage of postsecondary enrollments see Appendix B). Because the database is comprised of student-level data, researchers can use it to link concurrent as well as consecutive enrollments of individual students at multiple institutions — a capability that distinguishes the Clearinghouse data from national databases built with institution-level data.

In order to preserve comparability to the reports that schools and districts receive on their graduates’ college access and persistence rates through the Clearinghouse’s StudentTracker service, results have not been adjusted to account for a student’s enrollment outcome not being captured due to noncoverage by Clearinghouse data.

Definitions of Outcomes

College enrollment in the first fall after high school graduation: Percentage of high school students who enrolled in a two- or four-year postsecondary institution in the fall semester immediately following graduation. The fall semester immediately following graduation is defined as any enrollment that occurs between August 15 and October 31.

College enrollment in the first year after high school graduation: Percentage of high school students who enrolled in a two- or four-year postsecondary institution in the academic year immediately following graduation. The first year after high school includes any enrollment that occurs between August 15 of the graduation year and August 14 of the following year.

College enrollment in the first two years after high school graduation: Percentage of high school students who enrolled in a two- or four-year postsecondary institution in the first two years following graduation. The first two years after high school includes any enrollment that occurs between August 15 of the graduation year and August 14 of the second year.

Persistence from first to second year of college: Percentage of students enrolled in the first year after high school graduation who remained enrolled in postsecondary education in the second year. This is the percentage of students who re-enrolled at any postsecondary institution, not necessarily the same one they started in. Thus, it is different from the typical measure of retention at the same institution.


Appendix B: Postsecondary Coverage Tables

National Student Clearinghouse Coverage of Postsecondary Enrollments by Institution Type (Title IV, Degree-Granting Institutions)

Institution Type Fall 2010 (%) Fall 2011 (%) Fall 2012 (%) Fall 2013 (%)
National 92.97 93.79 94.19 95.49
Four-Year Public 99.30 99.51 98.98 99.24
Four-Year Private 84.81 86.06 86.59 90.28
Two-Year Public 97.28 97.72 98.67 99.21
Two-Year Private 12.85 21.11 26.61 28.87

Appendix C: Tables for Section 1: National Results

Table 1. Rates of College Enrollment in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Class of 2013

Low Income Schools Higher Income Schools All Charter Schools All Private Schools
Urban Schools Suburban Schools Rural Schools Urban Schools Suburban Schools Rural Schools
High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools
Total N 99,679 20,254 45,454 11,349 15,563 23,757 59,733 90,545 53,085 165,182 13,821 104,523 16,290 25,051
Total 51% 58% 50% 47% 52% 47% 61% 70% 63% 73% 62% 65% 60% 86%
Public 43% 49% 44% 40% 46% 40% 53% 58% 54% 58% 55% 53% 49% 49%
Private 8% 8% 7% 7% 6% 8% 8% 12% 9% 15% 6% 12% 12% 37%
Two-year 22% 27% 24% 21% 25% 17% 28% 22% 29% 21% 30% 20% 20% 9%
Four-year 29% 31% 27% 26% 27% 30% 33% 48% 34% 51% 31% 45% 40% 77%
In-state 44% 52% 44% 41% 47% 42% 53% 55% 53% 56% 55% 53% 49% 52%
Out-of-state 6% 5% 6% 6% 5% 5% 8% 14% 10% 17% 7% 12% 11% 34%

Data from this appendix table are displayed in the report in Figures A, B, and C.

Table 2. Rates of College Enrollment in the First Fall after High School Graduation for Class of 2012

Low Income Schools Higher Income Schools All Charter Schools All Private Schools
Urban Schools Suburban Schools Rural Schools Urban Schools Suburban Schools Rural Schools
High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools
Total N 131,395 23,383 69,814 13,526 18,822 26,874 75,025 117,076 66,487 194,693 19,014 129,815 26,343 37,005
Total 52% 57% 54% 49% 53% 48% 62% 72% 63% 73% 60% 65% 55% 85%
Public 44% 48% 47% 42% 47% 40% 54% 59% 55% 58% 53% 54% 43% 47%
Private 8% 8% 7% 7% 6% 8% 8% 13% 9% 15% 7% 12% 11% 37%
Two-year 22% 26% 19% 22% 24% 18% 27% 23% 28% 21% 27% 21% 19% 9%
Four-year 30% 30% 34% 27% 29% 31% 35% 49% 35% 52% 33% 45% 36% 75%
In-state 45% 51% 48% 43% 47% 43% 54% 57% 54% 55% 53% 53% 45% 50%
Out-of-state 7% 6% 6% 6% 6% 5% 8% 15% 10% 18% 7% 12% 10% 35%

Data from this appendix table are displayed in the report in Figure D.

Table 3. Rates of College Enrollment in the First Year after High School Graduation for Class of 2012

Low Income Schools Higher Income Schools All Charter Schools All Private Schools
Urban Schools Suburban Schools Rural Schools Urban Schools Suburban Schools Rural Schools
High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools
Total N 131,395 23,383 69,814 13,526 18,822 26,874 75,025 117,076 66,487 194,693 19,014 129,815 26,343 37,005
Total 58% 62% 60% 54% 59% 52% 68% 76% 69% 77% 66% 69% 61% 87%
Public 49% 53% 53% 47% 52% 44% 59% 62% 60% 61% 59% 57% 49% 49%
Private 9% 9% 7% 8% 7% 8% 9% 13% 9% 16% 7% 12% 12% 38%
Two-year 26% 31% 23% 26% 29% 20% 32% 25% 33% 23% 32% 23% 23% 9%
Four-year 32% 32% 37% 28% 30% 32% 36% 50% 36% 54% 34% 46% 38% 77%
In-state 51% 56% 54% 48% 53% 46% 59% 61% 59% 58% 59% 56% 50% 51%
Out-of-state 7% 6% 7% 6% 6% 6% 9% 15% 10% 19% 8% 13% 11% 36%

Data from this appendix table are displayed in the report in Figure D.

Table 4. Rates of College Enrollment in the First Year after High School Graduation for Class of 2011

Low Income Schools Higher Income Schools All Charter Schools All Private Schools
Urban Schools Suburban Schools Rural Schools Urban Schools Suburban Schools Rural Schools
High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools
Total N 159,362 24,828 86,182 11,582 22,837 24,629 61,256 125,243 53,613 220,646 18,113 145,159 23,386 42,268
Total 60% 62% 63% 60% 60% 55% 68% 74% 70% 76% 68% 69% 63% 87%
Public 51% 53% 56% 53% 54% 46% 57% 61% 58% 60% 60% 57% 52% 48%
Private 8% 9% 7% 7% 6% 9% 10% 13% 11% 16% 8% 12% 12% 38%
Two-year 29% 29% 28% 30% 32% 22% 27% 24% 30% 23% 30% 23% 24% 9%
Four-year 31% 32% 35% 29% 27% 33% 41% 50% 40% 53% 37% 46% 40% 77%
In-state 53% 55% 57% 54% 54% 48% 58% 60% 57% 58% 59% 56% 53% 50%
Out-of-state 7% 6% 6% 6% 5% 7% 10% 15% 13% 18% 8% 12% 11% 37%

Table 5. Rates of College Enrollment in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Class of 2011

Low Income Schools Higher Income Schools All Charter Schools All Private Schools
Urban Schools Suburban Schools Rural Schools Urban Schools Suburban Schools Rural Schools
High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools
Total N 159,362 24,828 86,182 11,582 22,837 24,629 61,256 125,243 53,613 220,646 18,113 145,159 23,386 42,268
Total 65% 66% 69% 64% 66% 59% 73% 79% 74% 80% 73% 73% 69% 90%
Public 56% 57% 61% 57% 59% 50% 62% 65% 63% 64% 64% 61% 56% 50%
Private 9% 10% 8% 7% 7% 10% 11% 14% 12% 16% 9% 12% 13% 40%
Two-year 33% 33% 32% 34% 37% 25% 30% 27% 34% 26% 34% 26% 28% 10%
Four-year 32% 34% 37% 31% 29% 35% 43% 52% 41% 55% 39% 47% 41% 80%
In-state 58% 59% 62% 58% 59% 52% 62% 63% 61% 62% 64% 60% 57% 51%
Out-of-state 8% 7% 7% 6% 6% 8% 11% 16% 14% 19% 9% 13% 12% 39%

Table 6. Rates of College Enrollment in the First Two Years after High School Graduation for Class of 2010

Low Income Schools Higher Income Schools
Urban Schools Suburban Schools Rural Schools Urban Schools Suburban Schools Rural Schools
High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools
Total N 132,196 20,275 69,869 9,281 19,506 14,517 56,313 117,409 51,956 212,659 12,037 122,274
Total 65% 70% 68% 65% 66% 62% 75% 78% 75% 81% 73% 75%
Public 56% 59% 60% 55% 60% 52% 63% 64% 64% 63% 63% 61%
Private 9% 11% 8% 10% 6% 10% 12% 14% 11% 17% 10% 14%
Two-year 34% 35% 32% 34% 38% 29% 28% 28% 33% 27% 34% 29%
Four-year 30% 35% 36% 31% 28% 33% 47% 50% 42% 54% 38% 46%
In-state 58% 62% 62% 58% 61% 55% 64% 63% 64% 63% 64% 62%
Out-of-state 7% 7% 6% 7% 6% 7% 11% 15% 12% 17% 9% 13%

Table 7. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2011

Low Income Schools Higher Income Schools All Charter Schools All Private Schools
Urban Schools Suburban Schools Rural Schools Urban Schools Suburban Schools Rural Schools
High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools
Total N 94,848 15,320 54,331 6,894 13,610 13,444 41,514 93,203 37,267 167,724 12,270 99,671 14,773 36,638
Total 78% 81% 82% 79% 81% 75% 83% 89% 86% 89% 85% 85% 82% 95%
Public 77% 80% 81% 79% 81% 74% 82% 88% 85% 88% 84% 84% 81% 93%
Private 82% 87% 85% 83% 82% 82% 90% 94% 92% 94% 89% 91% 85% 97%
Two-year 69% 72% 73% 73% 74% 64% 72% 78% 77% 78% 75% 73% 72% 82%
Four-year 86% 89% 89% 86% 89% 83% 91% 94% 94% 94% 92% 91% 88% 96%
In-state 77% 81% 82% 79% 81% 75% 82% 87% 85% 87% 84% 84% 81% 94%
Out-of-state 82% 83% 84% 79% 82% 79% 91% 93% 91% 95% 89% 91% 87% 96%

Data from this appendix table are displayed in the report in Figure E.

Table 8. Persistence Rates from First to Second Year of College for Class of 2010

Low Income Schools Higher Income Schools
Urban Schools Suburban Schools Rural Schools Urban Schools Suburban Schools Rural Schools
High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools High Minority Schools Low Minority Schools
Total N 76,990 13,060 43,268 5,528 11,796 8,193 39,119 86,735 36,492 163,083 8,034 85,994
Total 79% 83% 83% 79% 80% 77% 85% 88% 87% 89% 84% 86%
Public 79% 82% 82% 77% 80% 76% 84% 87% 86% 88% 83% 84%
Private 82% 88% 87% 86% 83% 84% 91% 93% 93% 95% 89% 92%
Two-year 71% 75% 75% 71% 74% 67% 76% 77% 78% 78% 74% 74%
Four-year 88% 91% 89% 86% 89% 85% 90% 94% 93% 95% 92% 92%
In-state 79% 83% 82% 78% 80% 77% 84% 87% 86% 88% 83% 84%
Out-of-state 83% 86% 85% 83% 80% 80% 91% 93% 91% 95% 88% 91%